1969: Edinburgh based threesome Bill Hill, Tom Smith and Jean
Brooks took their name from the Scots word for a "small
collection". All three had had acclaim as solo artists, but
decided to join forces and turn professional in 1968. They toured with
Jimmy Shand, appeared on television, and released an LP on Emerald Gem
records in 1969, "Introducing The Caern, a Collection of
1972: Glasgow-based group Cassiopeia were Ann Candlish, Sandy Craig
(who were the founding members). For a brief time Steve Middel
joined them. Between them they
played guitar, banjo, mandolin and autoharp, and wrote some of their own
material. In 1973 Anne and Sandy renamed themselves Mystik.
Causeway Folk, The
Group from Newmilns, Fife (had an entry in the 1973 Scottish Folk
Group from Dundee who have had great critical success. They originally
formed in the 1970s and finally split up in 2002. They recorded
six albums and included many musicians in a constantly changing
line-up. Some of their recorded output can be see at their
A guitar duo based in Germany in the mid-1980s. Dougie Petrie (vocals, guitar) from Stirling had performed with Superswillys and teamed up with Barney Rasche (vocals, guitar, bass). As well as German radio appearances, they released one LP in 1984, Cheap Dessert, with Evert Fraterman on drums.
Clach na Cudden
were Isobel Hirst of Helensburgh and Martin McHugh of Glasgow, featuring vocals, accordion, whistles, bodhran, banjo, guitar and keyboards.
were George Stewart and Ernie McPherson and performed at
Carlogie Folk Club in Carnoustie in the late 1960s. Their regular gig
was warming up the audience before the main act went on. They did a lot of
charity concerts and entertained hospitals. They counted
The Corries as one of their main
influences. Latterly mandolinist John McLaggan joined the group.
The Cottars were a group based in Girvan around 1964 who did concert parties going round villages in Ayrshire and Dumfriesshire with a country singer, a piper, female impersonator, etc. They were Tommy Truesdale (mandolin), Bobby Robb (vocals, whistle), Matt Galloway (vocals, guitar), Jimmy Hamilton (accordion) and Robby McNally (fiddle). Matt McGinn once asked them to back him on a record, but nothing came of it. Tommy and Bobby also performed as a duet called The Lave.
Extant 1966 to 1988, The Coulters were Jim Ritchie (bass), Ian MacRae (vocals), Des Forress (mandolin, guitar, banjo) and Joe Forress (guitar).
This was an Edinburgh folk group active between 1980 and 1982. Billy Ross (guitar, vocals), Peter McClements (fiddle), Jimmy Young (flute, pipes) and Davy Stuart (bouzouki, fiddle) performed in folk clubs and festivals and on TV and radio. Ross had been in Ossian, and would later form Smalltalk, which evolved into the second incarnation of Ossian. McClements had played in another Edinburgh group, Wee Willum. Later, in 1988, Jimmy Young formed the New Zealand-based group Rua, and shortly afterwards Davy Stuart joined him. I do not believe Crannachan ever released any recordings.
Crofters, The (Aberdeen)
I know very little about this Aberdeen-based group. They were Bill & Eileen Christie and Frank Robb. They recorded one album that I know about, The Crofters (Beltona 1969)
Crofters, The (Edinburgh)
The Crofters were Steve Brown (banjo, vocals), Pat Ledgerwood (lead vocals), Aly Fraser (vocals), Sandy Scott (mandolin) and George Anderson (guitar). Based in Edinburgh, they performed for about three or four years, made a demo recording, and appeared on the radio, but no official recording was ever released. Pat Ledgerwood went to live in Canada, and still sings. Steve Brown is still in Edinburgh, retired, and is learning penny whistle.
Crofters, The (Glasgow)
The Crofters (Glasgow variety) featured Jim Carey on banjo, Pat McColgan on vocals and harmonica, Sheila McClymont on fiddle and mandolin and Alan McGregor on guitar and bouzouki. When Carey left, multi-instrumentalist Jim Dorans joined on fiddle, banjo, guitar and mandolin. The group appeared at clubs and festivals in Scotland and the continent. Dorans now lives in Southampton and gives tuition on fiddle. The Crofters were active in 1970-71.
In October 1971 Cruachan appeared on the Grampian TV programme
"High Time", (they sang The Road and Miles to Dundee) and
by 1972 they were were residents at the Blairgowrie Folk Club. At this
time they were a duo, Ewan Sutherland (guitar, vocals and
bodhran), Dougie McLean (mandolin and guitar). They had stints abroad,
notably Germany. Before Cruachan, Dougie was playing mandolin with
David Wilkie of Alyth, akthough he and Ewan had known each other
for some time. Their repertoire was mainly Scottish songs and
Corries-type material. "What we really want to do is to revive
similar material not yet so well known" explained Ewan.
By 1972 they seemed to have found a more definite musical direction with
the addition of vocalist Andy Stewart from Rattray. Andy handled
most of the vocals, with Ewen on harmony. Andy also played improvised
bodhran, but Dougie was still the multi-instrumentalist, playing guitar,
banjo, mandolin and banjo-mandolin. Dougie McLean later joined
The Tannahill Weavers before embarking on a very successful solo career.
Andy M Stewart found fame with Silly
Extant 1986-92. A three-piece from the west of Scotland, This Cruachan
consisted of Jim Shearer (vocals, whistles, harmonica,
Mike McCormack (vocals, guitar, mandola, mandolin), and
Steve Lawrence (vocals, guitar, bouzouki, dulcimer, low
whistle). Lawrence had replaced Ross Kennedy, who left to join The
Tannahill Weavers. As far as I know, Cruachan released at least three
recordings, the first being
Cruachan - Traditional Music and Song (1987, Hillside Studios
Stevie Lawrence went on to become involved in many musical outfits
including Hot Toddy and The Iron Horse. Later members of the band were
John Malcolm (vocals, guitar),
Nigel Munro (mandolin, mandola, vocals) and
Jenny Allen (guitar, vocals) and Gwen Mills (vocals) used a
map and a pin to come up with their name. They played a mixture of
traditional folk song and contemporary in clubs around their native
Dundee in the late 1960s.